The museum of Ethnology of Vietnam in Hanoi| ethnic minorities|ethnic groups| 54 different ethnic groups of Vietnam

 It is the most visited museum in Vietnam, the Ethnographic Museum, Bao Tang Dan Toc Hoc, is an interesting picture of the 54 ethnic groups of the country

 The Vietnam museum of ethnology  in Hanoi
 
 
It is the most visited museum in Vietnam, the Ethnographic Museum, Bao Tang Dan Toc Hoc, is an interesting picture of the 54 ethnic groups of the country.
 
Vietnam boasts for its ethnographic diversity of cultures, with 54 different ethnic groups and distributed throughout the country. every ethnic group has the particular customs to discover.
The ethnographic museum has a rich collection of costumes, objects from all parts of Vietnam.
The first object encountered is a ritual plant of the Co ethnicity, with typical decorations are for the buffalo sacrifice ceremony on offer in Yang, their ruler.
 
The initial room gives a general explanation of the classification of ethnic groups regard the linguistic point of view. They are divided into 5 linguistic groups such as Han-Tibetan, Hmong and Zdao, Austroasiatico, Thai Kadai, Austronesian. The Viet ethnic group belongs to the largest group Austroasiatico.
We see a map that shows the demographic distribution of the ethnic groups. The color green is the home of the Viet, along the Red River, the coast, and in the Mekong Delta. Other ethnic groups live mostly in the mountainous areas occupying 75% of the territory, 333 thousand square kilometers.
 
Then, we continue our journey to the Viet room, the largest ethnic group in the country. Here, operators are trying to choose the most typical characteristics of the Viet culture to demonstrate. But in your opinion, what are the typical characteristics of  people?
For example, the Khmer have a great influence of religious Indian culture and many countries of the world in the space of the great civilizations as influences.
Culture Greece, Roman, Indian, or the civilization of the river Ganges, ect.
For the Vietnamese, influence of Chinese culture is essential during all its history. The meeting and the crossroads of cultures mile during years of Chinese rule have given birth to Vietnamese culture.
But the root of viet culture was born from the culture of water rice and villages.
 
Thus, we see in various points of view, as a religion, economics, politics, military, etc.
The water puppet show, the ceremony of mediums, ancestor worship, craftsmen like conical hat, wooden lacquer, carpenters and fishermen, and the feudal Confucian education, missing only Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism in this museum.
 
So, gentlemen, there are ethnic groups that have similarities with regard to languages and also the origin as Muong, Tho, Chut and Viet. Now, we move on to discover the room of these ethnic groups.
 
Living at binh Hoa, Thanh Hoa, and Nghe an in houses on stilts, indeed in caves as Chut ethnic group. Among them, the Muong have the closest ties with Viet. According to some assumptions, the Viet could originate from Muong after a millenary history of migration from the mountains to the sea along with the natural phenomenon of the red river siltation. In the end after contact with the Chinese, they are processed from Viet.
I show typical tools of these ethnic groups:
The basket of rice, the lunar calendar bamboo, a shaman's knife, and various agricultural Today, hunters, and religious type animism. But most interesting is the funeral of Muong.
A funeral of Muong is the focal point for this room.
Oh, dear gentlemen, all our lives and all the stories, all religions, trying to understand the world in the, where we would go after death?
The body and spirit? Allha, god, hell, heaven or inferred?
 
In the 50's, most of the country was covered with primitive jungles. The Plateau of the internal vietnam was a minority part of the Austronesian group as Gialai, Banar, and ede. They live in long houses and have a matriarchal society.
The people of the highlands have their own culture which is called Tay Nguyen. It is the land of high house until the roof of the sky and the long house to the foot of the sky, the buffalo sacrifice ceremony, the ceremony to abandon the grave, hunting of elephants to tame, waterfalls and mountains, and poems epic long as the river and source.
 
Among the many costumes of the ethnic groups of the highlands, the tomb home and to abandon the ceremony they are more interesting. It is believed that after death the spirit will go to live in another world like a copy of our world. So, the spirit also needs material goods and therefore the spirit has inheritance rights.
 The plateau montagnards live in the provinces of Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Dak Lak, Dak Nong.
 
Our discovery continues with the visit of the second floor, the ethnic groups of the area
Thai Kadai, Hmong and Dzao, Austronesian, and Mon Khmer.
 
Dear comrades notri! The Showcase exhibition of boats
We have a collection of model boats in Vietnam, a country whose maritime activity is widespread and variable in many different areas such as sea, rivers, lakes, ponds, waterfalls, lagoons, etc. And then, the boats are developed appropriately for each zone.
 
Here you have two columns of the Ede minority, a matriarchal society living in a long house with many rooms for many families.
 
The ancestors have an ancient bond with the Cham of Champa kingdom.
GROUP OF TAY, THAI AND CADAI
5 display panels:
Model of a house on stilts of Thai blacks with the roof to form the rump, or tortoise shell
Objects and tools of minorities
The ancient writing, the shaman objects, the frame, clothes, food, etc.
The video of a special ceremony of Tay, the ceremony Then (a shaman name), an ancient tradition relates: agricultural activities, supply and march to the world of the ancestors, cures disease, the feast of initiation.
 
ETHNICITIES OF HMONG GROUP, TIBETAN, Dzao, SANZIU And NGAI.
 
the art of weaving activities, the Hmong linen
the initiation ceremony
Tools and ritual objects
The musical instruments
Etc
 
ETHNICITIES DEL MON-KHMER GROUP
5 ethnic groups in the Northern mountainous area (Khmu, Mang, Khang, Xinmun, Odu)
15 ethnic groups of the highlands (bru, Vankieu, or Ta, Co thou, HRE, Co, Gie, Trieng, Xodang, Bana, Romam, Brau, Mnong, Coho, But stieng people, Choro
 
Panels, showcases and exhibition objects of agriculture, villages, and cults
stab feast of buffalo
Austronesian mountain group
 
the Giarai ethnicities, Edem Raglai, Churu with matriarchal society and the famous tomb ceremony, long houses and tall house Municipal
The musical instruments
Work objects
hunting and artisans
ETHNICITIES OF CHAM, CHINESE, AND KHMER
 
Topics of religions of Buddhism Therawada, weaving activities, ceramics
Chinese marriage and the famous lion dance
 
 
I think of you like these shows and I thank you for watching. Now, we have 15 minutes free time for personal needs and we will continue our journey towards the garden of the house models!

Mrs. Roberta Tione from Italy
classic tours
Vietnam
 Hallo Mario
We had a nice flight back home, and now we are redatto to get back to work. Which is the hardest part or been back home :( 
The journey through Vietnam was marvellous and did enjoyed very much! We do appreciate your and all the staff in Vietnamtravelart professional!
Thank you for our discovery of your beautiful country! 
Warmest Regards,
Mrs. Roberta Tione from Italy
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Mario Nguyen
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