From Sapa to the remote northern district Mu Cang Chai Yen bai

 follow the only way 4D number under the foot of the highest peak in Vietnam, Fansipan. We should stop on the step of O Quy Ho, the highest step of Vietnam to watch the sunset, the sun and top floor down the middle mountains and clouds of remote and isolated area. It does not take many people on this road, except for a few small groups of minorities such as black H.mong, nomadic ethnic group in Vietnam. Down on the road and hairpin high westward, a cascade waterfall to see is silver . Despite tourism, this waterfall offers a nice view from the top.

 From Sapa Mu cang Chai 140 km
 

 follow the only way 4D number under the foot of the highest peak in Vietnam, Fansipan. We should stop on the step of O Quy Ho, the highest step of Vietnam to watch the sunset, the sun and top floor down the middle mountains and clouds of remote and isolated area. It does not take many people on this road, except for a few small groups of minorities such as black H.mong, nomadic ethnic group in Vietnam. Down on the road and hairpin high westward, a cascade waterfall to see is silver . Despite tourism, this waterfall offers a nice view from the top.
We arrive in Lai Chau, one of the poorest and most remote provinces in Vietnam. Lai Chau is the home of many minorities including Thai, Dzao, Mong, Lu, Lao are more populated. It borders China and Laos, this province has a majority of mountainous land. Since the dam on Black River is in use, the headquarter is moved to Phong Tho and the government invests a lot of money to build the administrative center, with the European colonial ridiculous style .
We do not go to Phong Tho and instead turn left on road number 32 towards Than Uyen and Mu Cang Chai.
The main town in the valley below the peak Fansipan is the town of Than Uyen where minorities live mainly Thai, Dao, Hmong, Khmu. The history of the Thai ethnic group has about 1200 years in Vietnam. They emigrated from Yunnan of China. There are two of Thai clan, whites and blacks who have a close relationship with those in Laos, and Thailand. The minority of Thai has a population around 1.5 million and live mainly in the mountainous area of ​​northern Vietnam.
The ethnic Dao
The ethnic Tay
The Ethnic Khmu
 
Let Than Uyen and arrive in Mu Cang Chai district, the land of the Hmong minority.
These people are considered even more primitive in Vietnam. With the habit of a nomadic tribe, we live in the most difficult and isolated area of ​​the country. in Mu Cang Chai, we follow the interior path to go up always in the height from the main road, you reach the village of Hmong.
They live in wooden wall houses and beat the floor. A house is not very high, quite dark and hidden in the side of the hill to avoid the cold.
 
The Hmong follow the animist cult, with very strong beliefs about evil spirits and good nature. The rooster is considered the totem that protects these people from evil spirits. But perhaps the rooster comes from the legend of a long march of the ancestors to leave the cold.
Among the many ethnic groups in Vietnam, the Hmong are more conservative and closed to each other. Probably, tradition, language, remote place of residence, are factors contributing to preserve the culture of the Hmong.
The Hmong have very interesting traditions such as the ceremony of giving the name to the newborn, marriage, worship of spirits, and funeral.
 
Mu Cang Chai is half the most dangerous step, up and down the area, Khau Pha That means the horn of the sky. The length is 30 km and height up to 1500 m. There are some very popular places for the beauty of the rice terraces like these villages:
Ba Nha, Che Cu Nha, La Pan Tan ....
The rice terraces are works of art of Hmong ethnicity. To cultivate water rice on the hillside slope, the locals dig by hand for many years every clay terrace. Thanks to the forest and the rain, the water is taken away system of canals, of bamboo cane, then slowly descends from the top terrace up in each terrace paddy field. When the rainy season arrives in May, people start to work in the rice terraces. It is a spectacular scene to enjoy with solar reflections.
The rice will mature after a period of three months, that is, the fall in September. The rice fields are changed to a single color yellow. Since the height of the mountain, we see the rice fields like yellow waves that move.
 
 
'Origin of the Hmong goes back a long way, perhaps to the last ice age. The first traces of their culture are preserved in the stories that are handed down orally and in funeral rituals.
In the oral tradition, the legend tells that the first Hmong come from an extremely cold place, where it was dark for six months and light to the other six. At that time the Hmong believe that their territory was the entire known world of that time and over the border steppes there was nothing. One day a hunter and his dog were engaged in hunting for several days, despising the danger and snowstorms that made the journey difficult. So it was that the hunter crossed the whole of Siberia and found himself at the heart of today's China, where he set up the Hmong tribe.
A second hypothesis describing the place of origin is from their funeral rites, according to which the deceased is reunited with his ancestors. They believe that the ancestors have left this world, and have returned to the land of origin, which is, again, an extremely cold place. The descriptions provided by this death ritual lead you to think that the lands of the Hmong are ,, high-latitude areas such as Siberia, northern Mongolia and angles to the north of the Chinese territory. Genetic and linguistic evidence suggests that ethnic groups lived in past centuries to the east and south-east Asia find their ancestral traces in the Siberian steppes. Even Tibet can be considered one of the places of origin of the Hmong tribe, described as cold areas with snow and ice (they were probably even colder during the last ice age), but parts of Asia too far south does not seem to reflect the various Hmong legends, in which the sun rose for six months of the year while the other six there was darkness. typical characteristic of the north of Siberia lands.

Mrs. Roberta Tione from Italy
classic tours
Vietnam
 Hallo Mario
We had a nice flight back home, and now we are redatto to get back to work. Which is the hardest part or been back home :( 
The journey through Vietnam was marvellous and did enjoyed very much! We do appreciate your and all the staff in Vietnamtravelart professional!
Thank you for our discovery of your beautiful country! 
Warmest Regards,
Mrs. Roberta Tione from Italy
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Mario Nguyen
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